Fleas are not commonly found on the pets of Alberta due to the dry climate with extreme winter temperatures. Word out is that this may be changing though, requiring the use of anti-flea medications like Bravecto (pill), Advantage II (spot on), or Revolution (spot on). Wildlife like coyotes serve as a reservoir for fleas.
usually found in wooded areas., so check your dogs after walking in areas that may harbour ticks. Ticks grab the hair of your dog as he passes by. They are easily visible to the naked eye. Ticks bury into the skin and feed on blood, and may transmit disease. Most of the products effective against fleas are also effective against ticks.
Mange is a skin disease of puppies and kittens, and occasionally in adults. They may experience itching, hair loss, and scaling of the affected skin of the face/eyelids, ears and abdomen. It is very common in the coyote population, and is transferable to humans.
Ear mites are highly contagious and are most common in outdoor cats.
Excessive scratching and rubbing of ears, with head shaking. A brown-black malodorous, waxy discharge is easy to observe. The ear canal may be completely obstructed and interfere with hearing. Your pet is able to hear the mites and feel them moving, and is in pain. Mites have a three week life cycle and are barely detectable by the naked eye. Revolution and Advantage Multi are recommended treatments (repeated 30 days after the first treatment)
Lice are easily seen with the naked eye. They cause your dog or cat to become itchy. Dog lice affect dogs, cat lice cats, and human lice humans. Products like Revolution and Frontline easily eradicate lice. Bathing with a tick and flea shampoo kills the lice immediately.
Roundworm is the most common intestinal worm of cats and dogs, acquired by eating eggs in infected stool, and vegetation. Puppies and kittens are commonly infected with roundworms, giving them a pot-bellied appearance, and poor growth. The larva can migrate throughout the body causing damage to internal organs or the brain. Strongid and Pyrapam control roundworms.
A tapeworm can produce thousands of eggs per day which are spread through stool and contaminate the environment. Worm infestations can be diagnosed with a fecal examamination, and can be treated and prevented with regular deworming. Fecal examinations may not be positive even though worms are present in your pet’s intestines, so regular deworming of outdoor pets is advised. Most over the counter medications do not cover tapeworm. Drontal for dogs and Milbemax for cats is recommended and used by Dr Jan.
A failsafe treatment protocol is as follows:
Puppies: Deworm every 2 weeks from 2 weeks of age to 3 months, then monthly until 6 months old.
Kittens: Deworm every 2 weeks from 6 weeks of age to 3 months, then monthly until 6 months old.
Adopted puppies and kittens: Deworm immediately, with at least 2 more treatments at 2 week intervals.
Adult dogs and cats: Deworm every 3 months if at a high risk of infestation, and less often in a low risk situation, for example, an indoor cat.
Heartworm is an internal parasite that lives in the bloodstream of infected animals and matures into adult worms within their heart and lungs. Heartworm is passed by mosquitoes through infected bites and can occur in both dogs and cats. Mature worms in the heart of affected animals can cause significant damage to the heart and lungs, and eventually death. If you travel to Heartworm areas it is important to ensure that your pet is protected against heartworm during mosquito season. Effective Heartworm prevention involves the use of medications like Heartgard, Revolution and many others.
Giardia (“Beaver Fever”)
Giardia is caused by an organism that is carried by wild animals.
It is developed by consuming contaminated water, food, or feces, resulting in diarrhea. Metronidazole (Flagyl), an antibiotic, is an effective treatment