New and improved vaccination schedules for dogs call for fewer and less frequent vaccinations!
Core Vaccinations for Dogs
Canine Distemper causes respiratory, digestive, and nervous system signs in affected dogs, spread by contact with discharge from the nose and eyes of infected dogs.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis is spread through infected urine. The virus may cause liver failure, eye damage, and respiratory problems. Commonly encountered clinical signs are vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and, occasionally, coughing.
Canine Parvovirus is both serious and widespread in dogs, spread by infected feces. The infection causes severe vomiting and diarrhea with blood, which results from the virus damaging the gastrointestinal tract, ultimately resulting in death if untreated. This virus is very resistant in the environment, and is easily carried around on people’s shoes and other objects, leading to virus transfer. Vaccination is the most effective protective strategy for all puppies and dogs.
Canine Parainfluenza Virus is one of the causes of kennel cough. Characteristics of kennel cough are a hacking cough, discharge from the nose, and occasional fever. While the parainfluenza virus on its own produces mild symptoms, especially a cough, it frequently presents as a co-infection with other kennel cough agents.
Rabies is a very serious threat to all mammals, including humans. This disease is almost invariably fatal. Dogs that do not go outside much should still be vaccinated as rabid bats can fly into homes, and rabid wildlife such as skunks and raccoons can enter a fenced yard.
Non-core Vaccinations for Dogs
Kennel Cough symptoms include a dry, hacking cough, nasal discharge, and a fever. Serious infections can eventually lead to pneumonia. Dogs in close contact with other dogs such as those in shelters, boarding facilities, dog shows, training classes, and other high risk environments possibly benefit from vaccination for this disease.
Leptospirosis symptoms may include lethargy, fever, kidney and/or liver failure, sore muscles and joints, vomiting, and bleeding problems. A number of endemic areas exist in Canada and the U.S. Dogs traveling into these areas may be at risk and should be considered for vaccination.
Lyme disease is spread through the bite of infected ticks, affecting the kidneys, joints, and heart. Vaccination against Lyme disease may be indicated for dogs traveling to, or living in, endemic areas. Tick control remains the most important method to prevent infections.
Giardiasis (Beaver Fever) causes bloating, gas, and putrid diarrhea. Puppies tend to develop the most pronounced signs. Vaccines do not appear to prevent infection, but do reduce cyst shedding, which is important for environmental control. Medications can cure the infection.
Coronavirus infections generally cause mild and self-limiting disease in young dogs, although co-infection with parvovirus is considered to be responsible for a more serious illness. Vomiting and diarrhea are the most common clinical signs, resolving within a few days. Vaccination may be considered for dogs in a high risk category.